The article below was published in Hometown Oneonta last week. It's just some thoughts on job creation that I had when Amazon announced its headquarters selections. If we want job creation in this area, the last four paragraphs frame our situation and a solution. They're the truth you rarely find in our local media.




Otsego County wants jobs: New York City likewise. Recently Amazon chose NYC and Northern Virginia for their new headquarters sites, each employing 25,000 people with an average salary of $150,000. Nice work if you can get it, and 238 localities went for it. Assuming the search wasn't rigged, what were the criteria for selection?


Adjusted for scale and to specifics related to the nature and culture of Big Tech, Amazon's selection criteria was similar to those assessed by Otsego Now, our local Industrial Development Agency (IDA). Logistically, both note the importance of proximity to airports, rail, and interstates. Both stress "shovel readiness." ie., access roads, utilities, and zoning ready to go on Day One. Money talks. Amazon and Otsego Now both acknowledge incentives are needed in closing the deal; $5.5 billion in City and State money to Amazon in NYC, a more modest PILOT (Payment In Lieu Of Taxes) to firms relocating in Otsego County.


Otsego is a good place to live and work. Want a bagel with schmear? You got it! A church supper with the neighbors. Bring a dish-to-pass! From a belly flop in a winter lake to a summer opera at Glimmerglass, Otsego has it all. Amazon calls this criteria "Diverse Culture" and tells us that's what their employees want. Under another broad criteria, "Community," Amazon found its employees wanted to further their educations and have access to music and the arts. Amazon chose accordingly. More than most rural counties. Otsego has these amenities.


Under the criteria "Labor Force" Amazon chose catchment areas of at least one million people with follow-up projections of the number tech-savvy potential employees. Both NYC and Northern Virginia had 250,000 possible hires, approximately 20% recent grads with tech degrees. Obviously Otsego County wouldn't have met Amazon's specific needs but our labor force is ample and educated.


Otsego County would also have fared poorly under the criteria of "Connectivity." Amazon rated each geographical applicant on their fiber and cell service capacity. Can you hear me now, Otsego? The answer would be, "No!"


"Sustainability," a virtue-signaling concept in the Facebook/Amazon/ Netflicks/Google (FANG) world, was another criteria. Amazon's methods to attain this goal aren't clear. Don't expect 600 foot windmills lining the East River. Rooftop solar is unlikely to power the product of 25,000 workers. However, the Indian Point nuclear facility, Con Edison, and Brooklyn Union Gas will still provide .


Wisely, Otsego wasn't among the 238 applicants for Amazon'x headquarters expansion. However, in spite of New York's high taxes and excessive regulation, the County does have most of the "right stuff" -- the logistics, a civic willingness to get things done (including PILOTS), a labor force, a culture and community able to attract people from far and wide. We fail on fiber and cell phone connectivity. We also fail on utility infrastructure. We need the availability of affordable energy. That means gas.


Case in point. Recently a company met with Otsego officials to discuss a distribution center site being prepared in Schenevus. First question: is gas available? The pipeline situation was explained. New York has a Governor who has banned gas and obstructed new infrastructure. Possible alternatives were presented. As one of the participants said, "The air went out of the room." The meeting continued but it was over. With the key incentive off the table, we'll never know how many jobs Otsego lost.


We do know some of the losses through our IDA. A local landmark restaurant wanted to bottle its sauce locally but had to look elsewhere due to the lack of affordable energy -- gas. A projected 300 jobs lost. A Chinese company did a feasability study with the IDA. It rejected the intended site due to the lack of gas. Another 175 jobs lost. These are two opportunities were we know our losses. Unknown are the losses from companies who reject Otsego County out of hand -- no gas.


The comparative numbers on energy costs tells it all. Virginia's electric utility regulator recently listed the costs of wholesale electicity by source. Offshore wind costs 13.1 cents per kilowatt hour (kWh). Onshore wind costs 9.4 cents per kWh. It costs 5.7 cents for new solar. Gas clocks in at 3 cents wholesale. The use of gas for heat presents similar savings.


If we want to jump-start job growth in Upstate New York, we'll need the availability of gas. It's that simple. Nice work, if we can get it, but not likely anytime soon with Andrew Cuomo as Governor.


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